Use these tips to ensure the trees and shrubs in your landscape stay healthy and beautiful.

During the first year, water the shrub beds well once a week for two hours to thoroughly soak the root system. To water trees, water once a week by letting a garden hose trickle at the base of the trunk for a half of an hour to thoroughly soak the roots. Once plants are established, water as needed. Plants that are located under a tree will require extra water, due to the trees drawing most of the water from the surface soil.

Trim shrubs that flower on new wood in early spring, before they leaf out. Shrubs that bloom on old wood, trim after they bloom. Trees should be trimmed in the spring before they leaf out. Evergreens should be trimmed once a year in the month of July.

To help control a variety of insects and diseases on trees, shrubs, roses, fruit plants, and evergreens, spray with Lime Sulphur according to manufacturers instructions in early spring, before the plants begin to leaf out. To treat scale insects and certain funguses on fruit trees and other deciduous plants, a combination of Lime Sulphur and Horticultural Oil should be used, according to the manufacturers instructions.

Water well just before freeze-up. If evergreens or delicate deciduous shrubs are exposed to strong winds, set three stakes into the ground around the plant and wrap burlap around the stakes to form a wind break. Do not wrap tight to the plants as this encourages mold which can be more damaging then winter kill. Plants subject to heavy loads of snow or ice from roofs should be tied with twine or wrapped in plastic mesh. Wrap the trunk of young trees with plastic Tree Guards in the fall to prevent rodent damage during the winter. Protect fruit trees, small fruit and ornamentals with an Animal Repellant in November.

Do not leave plants in containers over the winter, they must be planted before the soil freezes.

Do not plant trees or shrubs in wet areas, even in varieties that are known for growing in wet areas will drown when transferred from dry growing conditions in pots to areas where water collects.

Proper watering is critical, insufficient water can kill a tree or shrub in a matter of days or weeks.

If plants develop an insect of fungus infestation, they must be treated to ensure their survival.

Rhododendrons and Azaleas require a sheltered area, where they will not be exposed to strong winds or hot sun. Wrapping with burlap and spraying buds and leaves with a product such as Wiltproof will aid them in surviving our harsh winters.

Japanese Maples require a sheltered location, preferably next to a building or in an enclosed yard. They are not recommended for planting in island beds or most front yards. Wrapping with burlap and spreading a layer of mulch over the base can be helpful.

Magnolias have delicate flower buds that may freeze or dry out over the winter, destroying the flowers for the following spring. Planting in a sheltered area is the best defense against this.